Minggu, 15 April 2012

Example for report text for class XI IPS semester 1 ENGLISH


Example for report text
(Source :Sudarwarti, Th M.  2007. Look Ahead Book 2.Jakarta: PT. Gelora Aksara Pratama. Second Source: Ms Dian, English Teach, for class XI IPS semester 1)
Report Text 1:
Arachnids
Do you know Arachnids? I mean, it is a spider. Spider are not insects. I mean spider are arachnids. Arachnids have four bite pairs of legs but they only have two body parts but insect have three pairs of legs and three body parts. The most surpising thing is that spider have two to four pair of eyes. They can see extremely well.
Spider eat small insect such as flies and mosquitos and you know what? They sometimes bite people. When a spiders bites an insect, it doesn’t kill the insect immediately but a special poison passes through its fangs and this poison paralyzes the body of the unlucky insect.
Most spiders make their own homes. They do this with a special substance produced by their bodies. In the corner of some rooms it is possible to find a spider’s web where the spider is waiting for its next dinner guest.
(Adapted from: Reading Practice, Unknown)


Report Text 2:
Vulcano
A volcano is a mountain which is form by the eruption of material from earth’s interior through a central opening or groups of opening. Volcanoes are scattered over the world. Volcanoes can be devided into three categories bassed on volcano from and type of volcanic activity. They are Shield, Composite, and Eksplosion volcanoes.
                A shield volcano is bult chiefly of layers of basalt (a dark, heavy lava). A few shield volcanoes are composed of andesite (a related, less dense type of lava).
                A composte volcano has more frequent and violent explosive eruptions than shield volcanoes do. Lava may be extruded from either central crater or fissures on a volcano’s sides.
                Explosion volcanoes are composed of inclined layers of pyroclastic debris and contain no lava. During an eruption, debris are  ejected from the crater. Most explosion volcanoes are built during one period of eruption.
(Adapted from: Golden Home Encyclopedia, V p. 185)


Report Text 3:
The Solar System
The solar system consists of a star (the Sun), the planets, and a number of other bodies, such as satellite and asteroids. The Sun is the center of the solar system. The planets revolve around it. There are eight planets in all. They are :Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Some planets have satellites. The Earth has one satellite. It is called the Moon.


Report Text 4:
Insect Anatomy
The body of an insect consists of three parts: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. The head contains the insect’s brain, eyes, and mouth. It also carries the antennae. The thorax is the central part of the body. It is contains the legs and wings. There are three pairs of legs and two pairs of wings. The insect’s abdomen contains its digestive and reproductive organs.


Report Text 5:
Crocodiles
Crocodiles are rather ‘lizard-like’, They have tlong tails and the limbs are short and straddled sideways. Crocodiles belong to reptiles. The elongated crocodiles are probably the most distinctive features. The head is typically one-seventh the total body length of and the species have a narrow or broad snout.
                Crocodiles have a ‘minimum exposure’ posture in water, in wihich only the eyes, ears, and nostrils lie above the  water’s surface. This ‘minimum exposure’ posture has obviously been important to crocodiles throughout their evolution.


Report Text 6:

Tornados
                A tornado is a powerful, twisting wind storm. It is one of the most destructive storms on earth. A tornado is also called a waterspout.
                A tornado is a long cloud which comes down from the sky. It is shaped like a funnel and consists of wind which whirls around and around extremely fast. In fact, the wind can reach a speed of more than 900 kilo meters per hour.
                Most tornadoes form a long a front (boundary) between cool, dry air, and warm, humid air. Weather scientists are unable to know exactly when tornados will occur. Fortunately, the tornado is not usually very big and it does not last long.


 Report Text 7:
Windmill
→Tittle
A windmill is a machine for converting wind energy into mechinal energy. A windmill is used for grinding gain, pumping water for irrigation and in the past few years for generating electrcty.
A common windmill consists of a high steel tower on stop of which revolves an air motor. The parts of the air motor are fixed into the wind shaft and are automatically held into the wind of furled according to whether water should be pumped or if the mill needs to be proctected from the severity of the wind
→General Classification
An ordinary 8-foot windwheel develops less than 1/10 horse power.
→identification

Report Text 8:

Gorillas
→Tittle
     Gorillas are the largest of all the primates, the animal order including lemurs, tarsiers, monkeys, and apes. They are the anthropoid apes which have the greater in size. Gorillas are terrestrial animals, inhabiting the land, not the water. Many of them live in forests of central West Africa.
→General Classification
     A male gorilla can be 180 centi meters tall and can weigh 200 kilo grams. Physically gorillas are very powerful, but they do not often fight. In fact they are peaceful animals. Gorillas live in small family groups of about 15. In a group, there is one strong, other male, some young male, and a few females with their babies. Like some other kinds of apes, they are vegetarians. They move slowly around a large area of jungle eating leaves and bushes.
   In some ways gorillas are like humans. However, according to some careful research, they are not the ancestors of human beings. Unfortunately, people hunt and kill gorillas. People also cut down and burn their trees where they live. There are now only about 10,000  gorillas left in the world.
→description (to describe, quality, habit and behaviors

Report Text 9:

Social function
Generic structure Lexicogrammatical Features
Significant
To describe the way things are,     with refrence to a range of natural, man-made and social phenomena in our environment      
      ·         General classification: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is.
     ·         Description: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like terms of (1) parts, (2) qualities, (3) habits or behaviors, if living: use, if non-natural.
     ·         Focus on generic participants.
     ·         Use of relational processes to state what is and that which it is.
      ·         Use of Simple Present Tense (unless extinct).
     ·         No temporal sequence.


What are clouds?
→Tittle
    Clouds are water vapour condensed into minute water particle which float in masses in the atmosphere. There are three main type of clouds, classified according to the height at which they occur. Clouds were first named by the English chemist Luke Howard in 1803, a pioneer or meteorology. The types he named were cirrus, cumulus, and stratus.
→ General classification
     Cirrus clouds are usually high and appear as delicate whitish threads against a blue sky. Because of their height, they are composed of ice crystals and not of water droplets.
    Cumulus clouds typically have a rounded appearance and sometimes reach 20,000 feet into the sky. They are often characterized by having an anvil shape in the center of the cloud.
    Stratus clouds are layers of cloud which can form at any height and tend to cover the whole sky. Often, the sky is overcast and the sun is propably completely concealed.
→description
   This is a basic grouping of types of clouds. The ever-changing cloud formations are an important aspect of meteorology and clouds can be futher described in many ways
→conclusion

(taken partly from life accents)

1 komentar:

  1. Hai, ada contoh report text tentang social phenomenon gak? butuh referensi nihh :) makasih...

    BalasHapus