Rabu, 12 September 2012

Narrative Text in English/ Teks Naratif di dalam bahasa Inggris FOR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH


Narrative Text in English/ Teks Naratif di dalam bahasa Inggris

(Source: Ms. Lilik, English teacher.2012)

Ø  Social Function is to amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Narrative deals with problematic events which lead to a crisis or turning point of some kind, which in turn finds a resolution.


Ø  Generic Structure

(1)    Orientation (showing participants {who/what} and setting {where/when}).


(2)    Complication (containing problem that arises).


(3)    Resolution (showing the way to solve the existing problem), example: then.


(4)    Re orientation (optional), example: finally.


Ø  Linguistives features: specific participant, past tense, action verb, saying verb, linking verb, mental verb, temporal conjuction.


Ø  Narrative can be a myth, legend, fable, folktale (cerita rakyat), or fairy tale (dongeng).

Example 1:

The Tortoise and the Hare

                One day, a hare saw a tortoise walking slowly along and began to laugh and mock him. The hare challenged the tortoise to a race and the tortoise accepted. They agreed on a route and started off the race. The hare shot ahead and ran briskly for some time. Then seeing that he was far ahead of the tortoise, he thought he’d sit under a tree for some time and relax before continuing the race.

                He sat under the tree and soon fell asleep. The tortoise, plodding on, overtook him and finished the race. The hare woke up and realized that he had lost the race.

                The moral stated at the end of the fable is, “Slow and steady wins the race.”


Questions:


(1)    Why did the hare want to relax after running for a while? Because he felt that the tortoise was far left behind.


(2)    “One day a hare saw a tortoise walking slowly along and began to laugh and mock him.” The italic word has the closest meaning to ridicule.


(3)    Why was the hare beaten by the tortoise? The hare was over-confident.


(4)    What do we learn from the story? Keep the fighting spirit.

Example 2           :

The Wolf, the Kid and the Goat

                Mother goat was going to market one morning to get provisions for her household, which consisted of buy one little kid and herself.

                “Take good care of the house, my son,” she said to the kid, as she carefully latched the door.

                “Don’t let anyone in, unless he gives you this password ‘Down with the wolf and all his race’!”

                Stranggely enough, a wolf was burking near and heard what the goat had said. So, as soon as Mother goat was out of sight up he trotted to the door and knocked.

                “Down with the wolf and all his race,” said the wolf softly.

                It was the right password, but when the kid peeped through a crack in the door and saw the shadowy figure outside, he didn’t feel at all easy.

                “Saw me a white paw!” he said, “Or I won’t let you in.”

                A white paw, of course is a feature few wolves can show and Master Wolf had to go away as hungry as he had come.

                “You can never be too sure,” said the kid, when he saw the wolf making off to the woods.

(Taken from the Aesop for Children)

Questions:

(1)    What does the text tell us about? The story aof a smart kid goat.


(2)    Why did the mother goat have to leave her son? Because she had to earn a living.


(3)    Mother goat was going to Market one morning to get provisions for her household, which consisted of buy one little kid and herself (paragraph 1). The underline word (provisions) is similar with the following words necessities, supplies, requirements, food.


(4)    Why didn’t the kid goat allow the guest to enter his house? Because the guest couldn’t show a white paw.


(5)    How is the end of the story? The wolf ran away to the woods.

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